Saturday, September 15, 2018

The Disease that Kills 28.4 million People

Signs of heart attacks, Credit to CDC

I stared at my paper work in my hand, I opened it, there is in the first page: Cardiovascular disease is any disease that involves the heart and blood vessels and the most causing of death and disability effects in the US.

This disease kills about 630,000 people every year in only the United State, and there are 28.4 million of adults are identified having heart disease (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018). Many action plans and strategies based on etiology and risk factors to prevent these diseases. The researchers are also going on to reveal the ways that could protect and prevent the heart from any injuries and damages that lead to cardiovascular diseases.

Cardiovascular disease is not only attack and cause death in the US also the world's number one killer. This disease kills over than 17 million people every year, number one cause death in this planet (World Health Organization). Every other second, this disease takes human life; every time we take breath.

When someone stops breathing, it is may be caused by cardiovascular disease. It is a kind of an alarm that everybody needs to care about. Knowing their risk factors will be helpful for prevention. While some people have no symptoms about heart disease that lead to the “silent killer” but some signs can be recognized so that the fatality could be reduced.

Five (5) major symptoms of heart attack that should be recognized, and if somebody notice these symptoms or might be she/he saw someone else has these symptoms, call 911 immediately (please see Figure on the top of this article)

CDC works with public health to improve cardiovascular health through their strategies and policies such as healthy lifestyles and healthy environments and communities, and also Million Hearts® 2022 that aims in preventing 1 million heart attacks and strokes that will save one million lives in 5 years.

Tuesday, September 4, 2018

Important of Microorganisms in Food Industry

Lactobacillus casei, Shirota is used for enumeration of Bifidobacterial in fermented milks.

Our life might not exist without microorganisms, since these “tiny” unseen creatures help human being in many ways. They are digesting our food, fixing gases, decomposing waste and involving in may cycles like to break down dead organisms then to be used as fertilizer by living organism as part of food chain.   

In industry, microorganisms are widely used in many industries, from small to large scale ones, and from traditional to cutting edge technology industries. Bacteria, yeast, molds, combination of several microorganisms and even virus are commonly used in many types of industries. 

The types of industry include food industry (industrial products), pharmaceutical industry, biotech industry, agriculture industry and waste treatment (reduce toxic pollutants). 

In food processing, our ancestors routinely used microorganisms for production of beverages, sausages and dairy products. Currently, we could use microorganisms of naturally occurring and genetically modified microorganism to increase food production. 

These products (beverages, sausages and dairy products) could be improved their health benefit to public by attaching probiotic microorganisms. The health benefits include to improve digestion, to protect body from pathogens, increase peristaltic activity in intestine and stimulate immune system. 

Above figure (top of this article) shown an example of probiotic microbes from lactic acid bacteria group. The bacteria called Lactobacillus casei, Shirota is used in dairy product to improve nutritional and health benefit. The Japan company, Honsha used this bacterium to produce Yakult. The Yakult is believed nutrient rich drink and could improve immune system.

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